Summary of Panel 3: Science advice in the context of opposing political/ideological positions

One of the most difficult situations for science advisors to government is when evidence contradicts entrenched political (ideological) positions, whether these are within national, regional or local governments. Well established examples are seen in debates around controlled substances and public health.

Panellists discussed what models of science advice giving (ex: individual experts; commissioned reports; representative committees) have worked best in participating countries.